Water damage, its causes and effects
Water damage is a big threat that can cause multiple problems to your house. The water supply in your house could possibly be contaminated which can lead to various health hazards for those living in your house. To further prevent water damage, you have to first understand what the leading causes of water damages are.
Poor plumbing is the most common cause of water damage. Any loose pipe attachments or poorly installed joints could cause undetectable leaks. It is highly advisable to make sure that all your water installments are properly fixed. And if you are experiencing plumbing problems, spending on quality plumbing services will be worthwhile.
Appliances lying around the house are another cause, specifically air conditioners. Over a period of time, leaks from the air conditioners contaminate your house due to the moisture along its hoses and pipes. Dryers, washing machines, freezers, and the like can also cause the same effect.
The effects of water damages can be severe to your home, to your health, and to your living. For instance, after living in your house for a decade or so, if there is an unexpected leak or exposed pipe in your house, cracks and deterioration will turn up on your walls and ceilings. Water has an uncanny ability to deconstruct any type of material. Whether it is metal, wood, cement, these materials will all eventually be damaged when it is exposed to water.
The next step after understanding the causes and effects of water damage is how to save your home and prevent them from happening. If there is a leak in your faucet or your toilet is overflowing, people would usually use duct tape or super glue to hold the pipes together. However, what people do not understand is that by not properly handling these leaks, you can create a big problem in your house.
How to deal with it
The primary source for decay within a house is due to water damage. The damage it can cause on a house can lead to the breakage of wood, the contamination of water systems, and the rusting of metal. Water damages are usually found by bathroom, kitchen, and laundry areas. Freezers, toilets, showers, and the like should be maintained properly and regularly to prevent any sort of damage.
To help prevent your house from water damage, one tip would be to install a sump pump. A sump pump is machine that drains out all the excess water coming from the house. Also, another helpful tip would be to regularly clean out the gutters, roofs, and external drainage. When the gutters are clogged this creates water blockage which could lead to serious problems.
In addition, you can install water leak detection systems around your house to help warn you if an unwanted leak comes up. The sensors in the water alarms are practical because they sense moisture in possible water damage areas. A similar mechanical appliance is one that shuts off the water system once it detects a leak within a house. Professional plumbers can install these devices and they are also available in appliance stores.
The finest tip to prevent water damage would be to maintain and inspect the specific areas in your house which could be prone to leaks or create wet spots. Monthly services on air conditioners, refrigerators, and common household appliances should be maintained. This prevents the appliance’s drain line from getting blocked.
What to do and what not to do
After knowing what precautions to take when water damages occur, here are a few things you should do and not do regarding water damage. In addition, here is a list of possible areas of water damage around the house. These lists can come in to good use after a flooding in your house.
Here is a list for the things you should do regarding water damage, first of all you should dry all your things and do it quickly. The humidity level may rise which will retain the moisture in the air if the temperature is high. Humidity can worsen the water damage inflicted in your home; to work around this dilemma you can use dehumidifiers. In order to get all the excess water out of your house you should let open all the doors and windows, this will also let the air circulate around the floors and furniture.
The greater the effect will be if you allow moisture to remain on a material. That is why you should let your carpets dry under the sun and open all the closets and drawers to speed up the drying process. As for the paintings and other fragile decorations, you can keep them in a stable temperature area. If the temperature is too high or the temperature constantly changes, the materials you are trying to salvage might be ruined because of improper drying process.
If you have important documents that have gotten soaked you could easily salvage them by using three types of document drying techniques. One technique would be to seal the film. This entails the documents, such as microfilms and x-ray films, to be placed in a box and sealed. Then, the box needs to be refrigerated at 35 degrees Fahrenheit.
Another way you can salvage your documents is by freezing paper. This type of document drying prevents blocking and ink smears to avoid damaging the contents of the paper. The documents should be covered with plastic liners for covering. Next, these documents should be placed in a box in order to be palletized. Afterwards, they need to be put inside a freezer. Full restoration of the documents will occur once the damage incurred is temporarily stopped.
The other type of document drying requires you to separate vellum and leather bound documents. Since these documents are made out of animal skin the drying process should be minimized at a slow pace. These types of documents are easily and highly flammable. You must be careful to expose the documents to heat.
You can also seek the help of professional services to help clean up the minor messes and salvage other important items, after you have done the primary cleanup.
Now on to the things you should not do, it is important and safe to not use any electrical appliance right after. You could seriously get hurt and injured because water conducts electricity and is a huge hazard. If you are not familiar with electricity controls, it is highly advisable to let professionals help you out. Do not put your life at stake over money by doing the cleanup by yourself. Remember there is always a way to resolve a problem.
Your house is exposed to water due to the rain and plumbing, so it is important to attend to them and prevent further wreckage. The first place you should check for water damage is the roof. The roof is the barest area of your entire house so it would be good to regularly check on it. Be sure to check for leaks or cracks, and be quick to patch them up. Passages of gutters easily get clogged up so remove any debris or material that can block the gutters. Keeping the roofs and gutters clean will direct water away you’re your house and prevent water damage from happening.
Plumbing systems inside the house can be very complicated and difficult to monitor, since most of the pipes are in between the walls or underneath the floors it is hard to determine when you have leak or not. If these leaks are not immediately taken care of it will grow into a much serious problem. By ignoring the problem, not only will you be wasting water and your money but you could also contaminate your water system. This could seriously harm the health of the inhabitants in your household. A way to know for sure if there is a water problem is to do monthly checks on your water usage. If a sudden surge appears in your water bill, turn off your water system and look for the leak inside and out of your house. You should keep in mind that replacing one pipe is much cheaper than having to replace the entire system.
Areas that are prone to water accumulation should be regularly checked. Plant pots, vases, jars are all liable for exposing the floors and walls of your house thus increasing the chances of having water damage. You should clean the water of these items at least every two weeks and assure that these items are free from excess water.
Also, by sustaining the prevention of water damages you are creating a healthy environment for your home. Water damages can cause molding of fungi and other types of molds inside and out of your walls. Once a leak is visible on your wall or ceiling the moisture will leave a stench filling up the entire room. And the bacteria and germs found in the leak can easily spread to air circulation within the room.
These tasks might seem a bit over the top, but you have to remember that it is a big responsibility to maintain a stable and clean home. By taking preliminary precautions on water damages now, you will benefit, from what seems like a boring chore, in the future. Having a healthy home leads to having a healthy lifestyle.